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Home > NB-IoT > Security Elements and Requirements for the IoT

Security Elements and Requirements for the IoT

Update Time: 2022-09-16 16:28:18

Security Elements and Requirements for the IoT


IoT networks are constantly transmitting data, including sensitive and regulatory data. This is self-explanatory. However, the security, privacy and integrity of stored data are critical. This includes data in IoT devices, web servers and the cloud.


The more devices we have connected to the network, the more we need to consider IoT attachments' security elements and needs.


6 Security Elements to Consider for IoT Devices

Connectivity is critical to the success of IoT projects. IoT networks are inherently complex, and cybercriminals can intercept them in various ways. To fully defend IoT networks, we must consider the following security elements.


1. Access to devices

Many IoT devices operate in unmanaged and insecure environments. This allows hackers to upload malware and gain access to specific features of the device. This, in turn, allows them to compromise the entire network. In addition, they can access unencrypted confidential data and even turn devices into botnets.


2. Device signatures

For example, hackers can clone the identity of a device to access data. In addition, they can even access the entire system by infiltrating the network. Therefore, device signatures must be secure, unique, immutable, and unique. Without adequate device identity management, we cannot deploy IoT security on all other components of the network.


3. Data Security

IoT networks are constantly transmitting data, including sensitive and regulatory data. This is self-explanatory. However, the security, privacy and integrity of stored data are critical. This includes data in IoT devices, web servers and the cloud. Any data in transit is vulnerable and, therefore, must be considered an important aspect of IoT security. Data security must be established across all devices and appliances throughout the IoT lifecycle.


4. Commands

Commands are instructions that are sent to IoT devices. These commands may activate functions, order the device to perform certain functions, turn on/off, etc. These commands can be executed by machine-to-machine automation or by manual input. Therefore, only verified people or systems, including artificial intelligence, can provide commands to IoT devices.


5. Security of software decisions

Algorithm-based or AI-based software decisions are used to automate IoT applications. As a result, hackers may be able to disrupt the entire IoT network. This can be done if they intercept and modify these decisions. Therefore, all software decisions should be made in a secure environment to avoid this situation. In addition, appropriate anti-interception and anti-tampering protection measures should be implemented.


6. Physical operation security

Physical actions such as unlocking a smart lock or stopping/starting a device are common for IoT devices. They also include raising/lowering the temperature of HVAC equipment. These common IoT deployments are where security must be considered. Hackers can intercept these actions. As a result, they can compromise not only the system but also the security of the user. In addition, it is critical to ensure that devices and appliances can only perform these tasks when they receive authenticated commands.


IoT Security Requirements

As we have seen, IoT security elements need to be considered to maintain the security of any network. This is a large and complex process that includes multiple layers of protection. So, how do we know if an IoT system is secure? As the foundation of any IoT security effort, here are the key requirements for a secure IoT system


1. Design for security compliance from the start

First, all IoT devices must be designed to be secure. Therefore, we must coordinate infrastructures, such as servers, routers, and software. In addition, ensure that anything on the IoT network is designed with potential cybersecurity threats. Therefore, do not include any hardware or software solution in an IoT network if it is not secure by design. Even a single weakness could expose the entire system.


2. Focus on security

The first criterion is related to the human element of the IoT system. Ideally, there should be a dedicated team responsible for IoT security. However, at least one executive officer should be designated to protect the six main parts of the IoT mentioned above. This person should be responsible for protecting all IoT devices and equipment. In addition, they should be concerned with the integrity and security of the data in the IoT system. This includes customer information.


3. Purpose-Based Authentication and Authorization

Authentication and authorization functions must be part of the device and software solution, which should always comply with industry standards and best practices. In addition, make sure that authentication and permissions are managed correctly. This ensures that they only grant access to the right people. In addition, they only do so when it is necessary for the task at hand. Therefore, to maximize IoT security, make sure you end authentication as soon as access is no longer needed.


4. Secure application and network framework

There is another important part of IoT security. We must ensure that all applications, web interfaces, server software and other network components are secure. Therefore, please take steps to ensure data security and comply with privacy regulations. In addition, if cloud networking solutions are used in IoT systems, protect them.


5. Device Manufacturing and Supply Chain Security

We will assume that IoT devices have secure components. Therefore, ensure that the products we will include in the IoT network are secure. Therefore, check security through the manufacturing, distribution, and installation process. In addition, choose hardware and software solutions that have acceptable warranty policies. For the end user, these items should be safe and secure.


6. Simple and secure setup

Ensuring that end-users can easily use and set up IoT products and devices is critical. Therefore, configuration and control should help users and administrators of IoT systems to maintain security. Regular software updates, especially security updates, are another important security measure. Products should provide clear and understandable vulnerability disclosure policies and lifecycle management.


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